Abstract




 
   

IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 31, No. 11 (November 2018) 1911-1919    Article in Press

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  A NOVEL SUSTAINABLE CLOSED-LOOP SUPPLY CHAIN NETWORK DESIGN BY CONSIDERING ROUTING AND QUALITY OF PRODUCTS
 
S. H. Mirmohammadi and R. Sahraeian
 
( Received: May 05, 2018 – Accepted: October 26, 2018 )
 
 

Abstract    One of strategic decisions to be made in supply chain is designing its network which has high impact on costs, and satisfaction level of customers. The paper deals with designing a distribution network including number and location of facilities, the way customers are allocated to it, and also level of transportation of various goods from different origins to various destinations in such network, so that considering existing constraints, all customers’ demands would be met with the least expense involved. In addition to secondary chain and reuse market as a recycling option, model flexibility lies in how quality is defined, as well as routing-locating among innovation points of the model. Firstly, in direct chain the model includes supplier, manufacturer, warehouse, distributor, and customer; and, in reverse chain, the model includes reuse market, secondary supply chain, collection, re-manufacturing and disposal centers. The model could be generalized for all kinds of industries using various strategies. Secondly, a sensitivity analysis has been performed on a numerical example. The results show that, returned products with average quality will result in lower costs and higher social advantages; because, they create business opportunities and bear less economic and environmental costs.

 

Keywords    Sustainable Closed-loop Supply Chain, Routing and Location Problem, Transportation, Segmentation of Returned Products.

 

چکیده    یکی از تصمیمات استراتژیک در زنجیره­تأمین، طراحی شبکه زنجیره­تأمین است، که تأثیر فراوانی بر هزینه­ها و همچنین سطح رضایت­مندی مشتریان دارد. این مقاله به طراحی شبکه توزیعی شامل تعیین تعداد و موقعیت تسهیلات، چگونگی تخصیص مشتریان در شبکه و تعیین میزان حمل­کالاهای مختلف از مبادی گوناگون به مقاصد متفاوت در شبکه توزیع؛ به گونه­ای که تقاضای تمامی مشتریان با کمترین هزینه و با توجه به محدودیت­های موجود، برآورده گردد؛ می­پردازد. علاوه بر زنجیره‌ثانویه و بازار استفاده‌مجدد به عنوان گزینه بازیابی، انعطاف مدل در تعریف کیفیت و مسیریابی-مکان­یابی نیز در میان نقاط نوآوری مدل است. اولا، مدل در زنجیره‌مستقیم شامل تأمین‌کننده، تولید‌کننده، انبار، توزیع‌کننده و مشتری است و در زنجیره‌ برگشت نیز شامل بازار استفاده‌ مجدد، زنجیره‌تأمین ثانویه، مراکز جمع‌آوری، بازفرآوری و انهدام است. این مدل برای صنایع با انواع استراتژی ها قابل تعمیم است. دوما، یک تحلیل حساسیت بر روی مثالی عددی انجام شده‌است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که محصولات برگشتی با کیفیت متوسط منجر به هزینه­های کمتر و مزایای اجتماعی بیشتر می­گردد. چرا که درکنار یجاد فرصت­های کسب و کار، هزینه­های اقتصادی و زیست­محیطی کمتری را متحمل می­شود.

References    Moshtagh, M. S. and Taleizadeh, A. A., "Stochastic integrated manufacturing and remanufacturing model with shortage, rework and quality based return rate in a closed loop supply chain", Journal of Cleaner Production, (2017), vol.141, 1548-1573. Wong, C. W. Y., Lai, K.-h., Lun, Y. H. V. and Cheng, T. C. E.,"Environmental Management", Cham, Springer International Publishing, (2015), 1-27. Chopra, S. and Meindl, P., "Supply Chain Management. Strategy, Planning & Operation", Wiesbaden, Gabler, (2007), 265-275. Rahmani-Ahranjani, A., Bozorgi-Amiri, A., Seifbarghy, M. and Najafi, E., "managing environmentally conscious in designing closed-loop supply chain for the paper industry", International Journal of Engineering Transactions B: Applications, (2017), vol.30, 1038-1047. Yadegari, M., Tavakkoli-Moghaddam, R. and Ahmadi, G., "Closed-loop Supply Chain Inventory-location Problem with Spare Parts in a MultiModal Repair Condition", International Journal of Engineering Transactions B: Applications, (2018), vol.31, 346-356. Soysal, M., "Closed-loop Inventory Routing Problem for returnable transport items", Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, (2016), vol.48, 31-45. Govindan, K., Soleimani, H. and Kannan, D., "Reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain: A comprehensive review to explore the future," European Journal of Operational Research, (2015), vol.240, 603-626. Govindan, K. and Soleimani, H., "A review of reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chains: a Journal of Cleaner Production focus," Journal of Cleaner Production, (2017), vol.142, 371-384. Jahromi, H. Z., Fallahnezhad, M.S., Sadeghiyeh, A. and Ahmadi Yazdi, A., "A Robust Multi Objective Optimization Model for Sustainable Closed-Loop Supply Chain Network Design," Journal of Industrial Engineering Research in Production Systems, (2014), vol.3, 93-111. Martínez-Salazar, I. A., Molina, J., Ángel-Bello, F., Gómez, T. and Caballero, R., "Solving a bi-objective Transportation Location Routing Problem by metaheuristic algorithms", European Journal of Operational Research, (2014), vol.234, 25-36. Sadegheih, A., Drake, P., Li, D. and Sribenjachot, S., "Global supply chain management under the carbon emission trading program using mixed integer programming and genetic algorithm", International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications, (2011), vol.24, 37-53. Garg, K., Kannan, D., Diabat, A. and Jha, P. C., "A multi-criteria optimization approach to manage environmental issues in closed loop supply chain network design," Journal of Cleaner Production, (2015), vol.100, 297-314. Maiti, T. and Giri, B. C., "Two-way product recovery in a closed-loop supply chain with variable markup under price and quality dependent demand," International Journal of Production Economics, (2017), vol.183, 259-272. Masoudipour, E., Amirian, H. and Sahraeian, R., "A novel closed-loop supply chain based on the quality of returned products", Journal of Cleaner Production, (2017), vol.151, 344-355. Chen, D. S., Baston, R.G. and Dang, Y., "Applied Integer Programming: Modeling and Solution", John Wiley & Sons, (2010). Jeihoonian, M., Kazemi Zanjani, M. and Gendreau, M., "Closed-loop supply chain network design under uncertain quality status: Case of durable products," International Journal of Production Economics, (2017), vol.183, 470-486. Mavrotas, G., "Effective implementation of the ε-constraint method in Multi-Objective Mathematical Programming problems", Applied Mathematics and Computation, (2009), vol.213, 455-465.1.        Moshtagh, M. S. and Taleizadeh, A. A., "Stochastic integrated manufacturing and remanufacturing model with shortage, rework and quality based return rate in a closed loop supply chain", Journal of Cleaner Production, (2017), vol.141, 1548-1573. 2.        Wong, C. W. Y., Lai, K.-h., Lun, Y. H. V. and Cheng, T. C. E.,"Environmental Management", Cham, Springer International Publishing, (2015), 1-27. 3.        Chopra, S. and Meindl, P., "Supply Chain Management. Strategy, Planning & Operation", Wiesbaden, Gabler, (2007), 265-275. 4.        Rahmani-Ahranjani, A., Bozorgi-Amiri, A., Seifbarghy, M. and Najafi, E., "managing environmentally conscious in designing closed-loop supply chain for the paper industry", International Journal of Engineering Transactions B: Applications, (2017), vol.30, 1038-1047. 5.        Yadegari, M., Tavakkoli-Moghaddam, R. and Ahmadi, G., "Closed-loop Supply Chain Inventory-location Problem with Spare Parts in a MultiModal Repair Condition", International Journal of Engineering Transactions B: Applications, (2018), vol.31, 346-356. 6.        Soysal, M., "Closed-loop Inventory Routing Problem for returnable transport items", Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, (2016), vol.48, 31-45. 7.        Govindan, K., Soleimani, H. and Kannan, D., "Reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain: A comprehensive review to explore the future," European Journal of Operational Research, (2015), vol.240, 603-626. 8.        Govindan, K. and Soleimani, H., "A review of reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chains: a Journal of Cleaner Production focus," Journal of Cleaner Production, (2017), vol.142, 371-384. 9.        Jahromi, H. Z., Fallahnezhad, M.S., Sadeghiyeh, A. and Ahmadi Yazdi, A., "A Robust Multi Objective Optimization Model for Sustainable Closed-Loop Supply Chain Network Design," Journal of Industrial Engineering Research in Production Systems, (2014), vol.3, 93-111. 10.      Martínez-Salazar, I. A., Molina, J., Ángel-Bello, F., Gómez, T. and Caballero, R., "Solving a bi-objective Transportation Location Routing Problem by metaheuristic algorithms", European Journal of Operational Research, (2014), vol.234, 25-36. 11.      Sadegheih, A., Drake, P., Li, D. and Sribenjachot, S., "Global supply chain management under the carbon emission trading program using mixed integer programming and genetic algorithm", International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications, (2011), vol.24, 37-53. 12.      Garg, K., Kannan, D., Diabat, A. and Jha, P. C., "A multi-criteria optimization approach to manage environmental issues in closed loop supply chain network design," Journal of Cleaner Production, (2015), vol.100, 297-314. 13.      Maiti, T. and Giri, B. C., "Two-way product recovery in a closed-loop supply chain with variable markup under price and quality dependent demand," International Journal of Production Economics, (2017), vol.183, 259-272. 14.      Masoudipour, E., Amirian, H. and Sahraeian, R., "A novel closed-loop supply chain based on the quality of returned products", Journal of Cleaner Production, (2017), vol.151, 344-355. 15.      Chen, D. S., Baston, R.G. and Dang, Y., "Applied Integer Programming: Modeling and Solution", John Wiley & Sons, (2010). 16.      Jeihoonian, M., Kazemi Zanjani, M. and Gendreau, M., "Closed-loop supply chain network design under uncertain quality status: Case of durable products," International Journal of Production Economics, (2017), vol.183, 470-486. Mavrotas, G., "Effective implementation of the ε-constraint method in Multi-Objective Mathematical Programming problems", Applied Mathematics and Computation, (2009), vol.213, 455-465.





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