IJE TRANSACTIONS B: Applications Vol. 31, No. 5 (May 2018) 506-515    Article in Press

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S. M. Mirabdolazimi and G. A. Shafabakhsh
( Received: February 14, 2017 – Accepted: January 06, 2018 )

Abstract    The analysis of the pavements and their ingredients has always been important due to a better understanding of their behavior under different conditions and leads to better understanding and providing more accurate relations. Due to the extent of asphalt mixture application in the world, the assessment of different behaviors of this mix is very important from the various aspects of performance and safety. Given that the asphalt mixes are inherently very sensitive to temperature changes due to bitumen content, identification and analysis of the viscoelastic and visco-elasto-plastic behavior of the mix is of particular importance. The scope of this research is to provide new model of viscoelastic behavior of asphalt concrete pavements with a combined effect of stress and temperature by using of genetic programming techniques. For this purpose, a number of dynamic creep tests under various temperatures and different stress levels were done. Beside, in this study a comparison is made between the Burgers model and proposed model in estimating the visco elastic response of asphalt samples. Performance of the genetic programming model is quite satisfactory. New proposed model will also help further researchers willing to perform similar studies, without carrying out destructive tests.


Keywords    Creep, Visco-elastic Model, Asphalt Mixture, Burgers Model, Genetic Programming


چکیده    تحليل روسازي راه ها و مواد تشکیل دهنده آنها همواره به دليل شناخت بهتر رفتار آنان تحت شرايط متفاوت از اهميت بالايی برخوردار بوده و باعث درک بهتر و در نتيجه طرح روابط دقيق‌تر مي‏گردد. با توجه به گستره وسیع کاربرد مخلوط های آسفالت در دنیا، ارزیابی رفتارهای مختلف این مخلوط از جنبه های مختلف عملکردی و ایمنی از اهمیت بسزایی برخوردار می باشد. با توجه به اینکه مخلوط های آسفالتی به طور ذاتی و به سبب قیر محتوی، نسبت به تغییرات دما بسیار حساس هستند، لذا شناسایی و بررسی رفتار ویسکو الاستیک و ویسکو الاستو پلاستیک این مخلوط ها و تعیین پارامترهای مؤثر در این رفتار که بسیار وابسته به تغییرات دماست، از اهمیت ویژه ای برخوردار است. هدف از این پژوهش ارائه مدل جدید رفتار ویسکو الاستیک رویه های بتن آسفالتی راه ها با تاثیر همزمان هر دو عامل تنش و دما با استفاده از تکنیک برنامه نویسی ژنتیک می باشد. برای این منظور، تعدادی آزمون خزش دینامیکی تحت دماهای مختلف و سطوح متفاوت تنش انجام گردید. علاوه بر این، در این پژوهش مقایسه ای بین مدل برگر و مدل ارائه شده در زمینه تخمین پاسخ ویسکو الاستیک نمونه های آسفالت انجام شده است. عملکرد مدل برنامه نویسی ژنتیکی کاملاً رضایت بخش است. همچنین مدل جدید ارائه شده، محققان بیشتری که قصد انجام تحقیقات مشابه دارند را بدون نیاز به انجام آزمونهای مخرب یاری خواهد نمود

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