IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 31, No. 7 (July 2018) 1088-1094    Article in Press

PDF URL: http://www.ije.ir/Vol31/No7/A/12-2850.pdf  
downloaded Downloaded: 51   viewed Viewed: 186

D. K. Jesthi, A. Nayak, B. C. Routara and R. K. Nayak
( Received: November 12, 2017 – Accepted in Revised Form: March 09, 2018 )

Abstract    Polymer matrix composites used in different industrial applications due to their enhanced mechanical properties and lightweight. However, these materials are subjected to friction and wear situations in some industrial and automobile applications. Therefore, there is a need to investigate the wear properties of polymer matrix composite materials. This article emphasizes the dry abrasive wear behavior of a hybrid glass/carbon ([GCGGC]S) composite. The mechanical and wear properties of the composite was evaluated and compared with maiden glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite. Design of experiment of Box-Behnken type was adopted to perform the experiments. Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize the experimental parameters to minimize the specific wear rate of the composites. A second order mathematical model was developed. The model has predicted the optimum input parameters for minimum specific wear rate of 18.847×10-3 mm3/Nm for the hybrid ([GCGGC]S) composite. Furthermore, the model predicted specific wear rate value was validated with experimental one and found a close agreement between them.


Keywords    Glass/Carbon Hybrid Composites; Flexural; Wear; Response Surface Methodology


چکیده    کامپوزیت ماتریس پلیمری به دلیل ویژگی خاص در کاربردهای مختلف صنعتی های مکانیکی و سبک وزن آنها افزایش یافته است. با این حال، این مواد در برخی از برنامه های صنعتی و خودرو اصطکاک مورد استفاده هستند. بنابراین نیاز به بررسی خواص پوششی مواد کامپوزیتی ماتریکس پلیمری است. این مقاله تاکید بر رفتار سایش خشک ساینده یک ترکیب شیشه ای / کربن هیبریدی ([GCGGC] S) است. خواص مکانیکی و پوششی کامپوزیت با کامپوزیت پلیمرهای تقویت شده فیبر کربن شیشه و شیشه ای مورد مقایسه قرار گرفت. طراحی آزمایشی نوع Box-Behnken برای انجام آزمایشات انجام شد. به منظور بهینه سازی پارامترهای آزمایشی برای به حداقل رساندن سرعت سایش ویژه کامپوزیت ها، روش پاسخ سطح (RSM) مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. یک مدل ریاضی مرتبه دوم توسعه یافت. این مدل پارامترهای ورودی بهینه را برای کمترین سرعت سایش ویژه18.847×10-3 mm3/Nm برای ترکیبی ( ([GCGGC]S) کامپوزیت پیش بینی شده است. علاوه بر این، مدل پیش بینی شدۀ میزان سایش ویژه با استفاده از آزمون تجربی یکسان بود و توافق نزدیک میان آنها موجود بود.


Song, J. H.," Pairing effect and tensile properties of laminated high-performance hybrid composites prepared using carbon/glass and carbon/aramid fibers,"Composites Part B: Engineering  Vol. 79, (2015), 61–66.

Zhang, J., Chaisombat, K., He, S. and Wang, C. H.," Hybrid composite laminates reinforced with glass/carbon woven fabrics for lightweight load bearing structures", Materials and  Design., Vol. 36, (2012), 75–80.

Nayak, R. K., Mahato, K. K., Routara, B. C. and Ray, B. C.," Evaluation of mechanical properties of Al2O3 and TiO2 nano filled enhanced glass fiber reinforced polymer composites", Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 133, No. 47, (2016), ISSN: 0021-8995.

Nayak, R. K., Rathore, D., Routara, B. C. and Ray, B. C., 20" Effect of nano Al2O3 fillers and cross head n on interlaminar shear strength of glass fiber reinforced polymer composite" International Journal of Plastics Technology, Vol. 20, (2016), 334–34 4.

Czél, G. and Wisnom, M. R., "Demonstration of pseudo-ductility in high performance glass/epoxy composites by hybridisation with thin-ply carbon prepreg" Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Vol. 52, (2013), 23–30.

M. H. Heydari and N. Choupani, "A New Comparative Method to Evaluate the Fracture Properties of Laminated Composite" International Journal of Engineering Transactions  C: Aspects .,Vol. 27, No. 6, (2014), 991-1004.

R. Khamedi and O. Pedram.," Cluster Analysis of Acoustic Emission Signals for  Carbon/Epoxy Composite in Four-Point Bending Test", International Journal of Engineering, Transactions C: Aspects, Vol. 28, No. 9, (2015), 1336-1342.

Pandya, K. S., Veerraju, C. and Naik, N. K.,"Hybrid composites made of carbon and glass woven fabrics under quasi-static loading" Materials & Design, Vol. 32, (2011), 4094–4099.

Dong, C. and Davies, I. J., 2014 "Flexural and tensile strengths of unidirectional hybrid epoxy composites reinforced by S-2 glass and T700S carbon fibres" Materials & Design, Vol. 54, (2014), 955–966.

Giancaspro, J. W., Papakonstantinou, C. G. and Balaguru, P. N.,"  Flexural response of inorganic hybrid composites with E-glass and carbon fibers' Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Vol. 132, No.02,(2010), 021005.

A. Khalkhali, E. Nikghalb, M. Norouzian,"Multi-objective optimization of hybrid carbon/glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite automotive drive shaft", International Journal of Engineering, Transactions A: Basics, Vol. 28, No. 4, (2015), 583-592.

Srinivas, K. and Bhagyashekar, M. S., 2014 "Wear Behaviour of epoxy hybrid particulate composites" Procedia Engineering, Vol. 97, 488–494.

Sudheer. M, Hemanth. K, Raju. K, and Bhat. T, 2014 "Enhanced mechanical and wear performance of epoxy/glass composites with PTW/graphite hybrid fillers" Procedia Material Science, Vol. 6, 975–987.

Mohan. N, Natarajan. S and Kumaresh.Babu. S. P., 2011 "Abrasive wear behaviour of hard powders filled glass fabric–epoxy hybrid composites", Materials & Design, Vol. 32, 1704–1709.

Suresha, B., Chandramohan, G., Siddaramaiah, P. and Sampathkumaran, S. S., 2007 "Mechanical and three body abrasive wear behavior of 3-D glass fabric reinforced vinylester composites", Journal of Material Science Engineering A, Vol. 443, 285–291.

Visconti, I. C., Langella, A. and Durante, M. 2001 "The wear behaviour of composite materials with epoxy matrix filled with hard powder", Applied  Composite Material, Vol. 8, 179–189.

El-Tayeb, N. S. M., Yap, T. C., Venkatesh, V. C. and Brevern, P. V.,"Modeling of cryogenic frictional behaviour of titanium alloys using response surface methodology approach", Materials & Design, Vol. 30, (2009), 4023–4034.

Gupta, K.,"Mechanical and abrasive wear characterization of bidirectional and chopped E-glass fiber reinforced composite materials", Materials & Design, Vol. 35, (2012), 467–479.

Suresha, B., Chandramohan, G., Samapthkumaran, P. and Seetharamu, S., 2007 "Three-body abrasive wear behaviour of carbon and glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites", Material  Science  Enginering  A, Vol. 443, (2007), 285–291.

Yousif, B. F., 2013 "Design of newly fabricated tribological machine for wear and frictional experiments under dry/wet condition" Materials & Design, Vol. 48, (2013), 2–13.

M. Safak, Tunalioglu, B. Tuc, M. Emin Erdin, “Effect of Coating Material on Wear in  Internal Gears”, International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications, Vol. 30, No. 11, (2017), 1792-1799.

Nayak, R. K., Mahato, K. K. and Ray, B. C., 2016 “Water absorption behavior, mechanical and thermal properties of nano TiO2 enhanced glass fiber reinforced polymer composites”, Composite Part Applied  Science Manufacturing, Vol. 90, (2016), 736–747.

Nayak, R. K. and Ray, B. C., 2017 “Water absorption, residual mechanical and thermal properties of hydrothermally conditioned nano-Al2O3 enhanced glass fiber reinforced polymer composites”, Polymer Bulletin, Vol. 74, (2017), 4175–4194.

24    Amiri, M. C., Kiani, A. and Jafari, T., “Separation of ultra-fine sulphur particles from NTA dispersion by Aphron flotation”, International Journal of Engineering, Transaction B: Applications,  Vol. 24, No. 3, (2008), 148-153.

Download PDF 

International Journal of Engineering
E-mail: office@ije.ir
Web Site: http://www.ije.ir