IJE TRANSACTIONS A: Basics Vol. 31, No. 4 (April 2018) 348-355    Article in Press

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A. Hamidieh, A. Arshadi Khamseh and B. Naderi
( Received: November 14, 2017 – Accepted: January 04, 2018 )

Abstract    Nowadays, the design of a strategic supply chain network under disruption is one of the most important priorities of the governments. One of the strategic purposes of managers is to supply the sustainable agricultural products and food in stable conditions which require the production of soil nutrients. In this regard, some disruptions such as sanctions and natural disasters have a destructive effect on the supply of raw materials and the uncertainty of input parameters plays an undesirable impact on the decision-making levels including strategic, tactical, and operational levels. The present study introduced a new model of resilient supply chain network which was compatible with the realities of the structure of the supply chain for fertilizer in Iran. Notably, the effectiveness of the designed system was promoted by the dominant strategies of reliability. Further, a new robust possibilistic approach was proposed which guaranteed the optimality and feasibility robustness through the efficient solution to deal with the parametric uncertainty. Finally, the results showed that the proposed new robust possibilistic combination promoted the optimality robustness and its effectiveness using an optimal average cost and minimum standard deviation.


Keywords    supply chain, possibilistic programming, disruption, robustness, uncertainty


چکیده    امروزه طراحی شبکه زنجیره تامین راهبردی تحت وقوع اختلالات از الویت های مهم دولت ها است تامین محصولات کشاورزی و غذایی پایدار در شرایط با ثبات از اهداف استراتژیک مدیران محسوب می گردد که لازمه آن تولید مواد مغذی خاک است در این راستا، اختلالاتی چون شرایط تحریم و حوادث طبیعی بر روی تامین مواد خام تاثیری مخرب دارد همچنین عدم قطعیت پارامترهای ورودی بر سطوح تصمیم گیری(راهبردی،تاکتیکی و عملیاتی) اثری نامطلوب دارد. در پژوهش حاضر، مدل جدید شبکه زنجیره تامین تاب آور کود کشاورزی معرفی گردید که با واقعیت های ساختار تامین کود ایران منطبق بود همچنین با بکارگیری استراتژی های قدرتمند پایایی، اثربخشی سیستم طراحی شده ارتقا داده شد. علاوه بر این، به منظور مقابله با عدم قطعیت پارامتری، یک رویکرد جدید امکانی-استوار پیشنهاد گردید که با ارائه راه حل های کارا، استواری مدل و جواب را تضمین می نمود در نهایت نتایج تحقیق نشان می دهد ترکیب جدید امکانی-استوار پیشنهاد شده با متوسط هزینه مطلوب و حداقل انحراف استاندارد ، استواری مدل و اثربخشی آن را ارتقا داده است.

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